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This is the most common use case for RTK Query. A query operation can be performed with any data fetching library of your choice, but the general recommendation is that you only use queries for requests that retrieve data. For anything that alters data on the server or will possibly invalidate the cache, you should use a Mutation.

By default, RTK Query ships with fetchBaseQuery, which is a lightweight fetch wrapper that automatically handles request headers and response parsing in a manner similar to common libraries like axios. See Customizing Queries if fetchBaseQuery does not handle your requirements.


Depending on your environment, you may need to polyfill fetch with node-fetch or cross-fetch if you choose to use fetchBaseQuery or fetch on its own.

See useQuery for the hook signature and additional details.

Defining Query Endpoints#

Query endpoints are defined by returning an object inside the endpoints section of createApi, and defining the fields using the builder.query() method.

Query endpoints should define either a query callback that constructs the URL (including any URL query params), or a queryFn callback that may do arbitrary async logic and return a result.

If the query callback needs additional data to generate the URL, it should be written to take a single argument. If you need to pass in multiple parameters, pass them formatted as a single "options object".

Query endpoints may also modify the response contents before the result is cached, define "tags" to identify cache invalidation, and provide cache entry lifecycle callbacks to run additional logic as cache entries are added and removed.

Example of all query endpoint options
// Or from '@reduxjs/toolkit/query/react'import { createApi, fetchBaseQuery } from '@reduxjs/toolkit/query'import { Post } from './types'
const api = createApi({  baseQuery: fetchBaseQuery({    baseUrl: '/',  }),  tagTypes: ['Post'],  endpoints: (build) => ({    getPost: build.query<Post, number>({      // note: an optional `queryFn` may be used in place of `query`      query: (id) => ({ url: `post/${id}` }),      // Pick out data and prevent nested properties in a hook or selector      transformResponse: (response: { data: Post }) =>,      providesTags: (result, error, id) => [{ type: 'Post', id }],      // The 2nd parameter is the destructured `QueryLifecycleApi`      async onQueryStarted(        arg,        {          dispatch,          getState,          extra,          requestId,          queryFulfilled,          getCacheEntry,          updateCachedData,        }      ) {},      // The 2nd parameter is the destructured `QueryCacheLifecycleApi`      async onCacheEntryAdded(        arg,        {          dispatch,          getState,          extra,          requestId,          cacheEntryRemoved,          cacheDataLoaded,          getCacheEntry,          updateCachedData,        }      ) {},    }),  }),})

Performing Queries with React Hooks#

If you're using React Hooks, RTK Query does a few additional things for you. The primary benefit is that you get a render-optimized hook that allows you to have 'background fetching' as well as derived booleans for convenience.

Hooks are automatically generated based on the name of the endpoint in the service definition. An endpoint field with getPost: builder.query() will generate a hook named useGetPostQuery.

Hook types#

There are 5 query-related hooks:

  1. useQuery
    • Composes useQuerySubscription and useQueryState and is the primary hook. Automatically triggers fetches of data from an endpoint, 'subscribes' the component to the cached data, and reads the request status and cached data from the Redux store.
  2. useQuerySubscription
    • Returns a refetch function and accepts all hook options. Automatically triggers fetches of data from an endpoint, and 'subscribes' the component to the cached data.
  3. useQueryState
    • Returns the query state and accepts skip and selectFromResult. Reads the request status and cached data from the Redux store.
  4. useLazyQuery
    • Returns a tuple with a fetch function, the query result, and last promise info. Similar to useQuery, but with manual control over when the data fetching occurs.
  5. useLazyQuerySubscription
    • Returns a tuple with a fetch function, and last promise info. Similar to useQuerySubscription, but with manual control over when the data fetching occurs.

In practice, the standard useQuery-based hooks such as useGetPostQuery will be the primary hooks used in your application, but the other hooks are available for specific use cases.

Query Hook Options#

The query hooks expect two parameters: (queryArg?, queryOptions?).

The queryArg param will be passed through to the underlying query callback to generate the URL.


The queryArg param is handed to a useEffect dependency array internally. RTK Query tries to keep the argument stable by performing a shallowEquals diff on the value, however if you pass a deeper nested argument, you will need to keep the param stable yourself, e.g. with useMemo.

The queryOptions object accepts several additional parameters that can be used to control the behavior of the data fetching:

  • skip - Allows a query to 'skip' running for that render. Defaults to false
  • pollingInterval - Allows a query to automatically refetch on a provided interval, specified in milliseconds. Defaults to 0 (off)
  • selectFromResult - Allows altering the returned value of the hook to obtain a subset of the result, render-optimized for the returned subset.
  • refetchOnMountOrArgChange - Allows forcing the query to always refetch on mount (when true is provided). Allows forcing the query to refetch if enough time (in seconds) has passed since the last query for the same cache (when a number is provided). Defaults to false
  • refetchOnFocus - Allows forcing the query to refetch when the browser window regains focus. Defaults to false
  • refetchOnReconnect - Allows forcing the query to refetch when regaining a network connection. Defaults to false

All refetch-related options will override the defaults you may have set in createApi

Frequently Used Query Hook Return Values#

The query hook returns an object containing properties such as the latest data for the query request, as well as status booleans for the current request lifecycle state. Below are some of the most frequently used properties. Refer to useQuery for an extensive list of all returned properties.

  • data - The returned result if present.
  • error - The error result if present.
  • isUninitialized - When true, indicates that the query has not started yet.
  • isLoading - When true, indicates that the query is currently loading for the first time, and has no data yet. This will be true for the first request fired off, but not for subsequent requests.
  • isFetching - When true, indicates that the query is currently fetching, but might have data from an earlier request. This will be true for both the first request fired off, as well as subsequent requests.
  • isSuccess - When true, indicates that the query has data from a successful request.
  • isError - When true, indicates that the query is in an error state.
  • refetch - A function to force refetch the query

In most cases, you will probably read data and either isLoading or isFetching in order to render your UI.

Query Hook Usage Example#

Here is an example of a PostDetail component:

export const PostDetail = ({ id }: { id: string }) => {  const { data: post, isFetching, isLoading } = useGetPostQuery(id, {    pollingInterval: 3000,    refetchOnMountOrArgChange: true,    skip: false,  })
  if (isLoading) return <div>Loading...</div>  if (!post) return <div>Missing post!</div>
  return (    <div>      {} {isFetching ? '...refetching' : ''}    </div>  )}

The way that this component is setup would have some nice traits:

  1. It only shows 'Loading...' on the initial load
    • Initial load is defined as a query that is pending and does not have data in the cache
  2. When the request is re-triggered by the polling interval, it will add '...refetching' to the post name
  3. If a user closed this PostDetail, but then re-opened it within the allowed time, they would immediately be served a cached result and polling would resume with the previous behavior.

Query Loading State#

The auto-generated React hooks created by the React-specific version of createApi provide derived booleans that reflect the current state of a given query. Derived booleans are preferred for the generated React hooks as opposed to a status flag, as the derived booleans are able to provide a greater amount of detail which would not be possible with a single status flag, as multiple statuses may be true at a given time (such as isFetching and isSuccess).

For query endpoints, RTK Query maintains a semantic distinction between isLoading and isFetching in order to provide more flexibility with the derived information provided.

  • isLoading refers to a query being in flight for the first time for the given hook. No data will be available at this time.
  • isFetching refers to a query being in flight for the given endpoint + query param combination, but not necessarily for the first time. Data may be available from an earlier request done by this hook, maybe with the previous query param.

This distinction allows for greater control when handling UI behavior. For example, isLoading can be used to display a skeleton while loading for the first time, while isFetching can be used to grey out old data when changing from page 1 to page 2 or when data is invalidated and re-fetched.

Managing UI behavior with Query Loading States
import { Skeleton } from './Skeleton'import { useGetPostsQuery } from './api'
function App() {  const { data = [], isLoading, isFetching, isError } = useGetPostsQuery()
  if (isError) return <div>An error has occurred!</div>
  if (isLoading) return <Skeleton />
  return (    <div className={isFetching ? 'posts--disabled' : ''}>      { => (        <Post          key={}          id={}          name={}          disabled={isFetching}        />      ))}    </div>  )}

Query Cache Keys#

When you perform a query, RTK Query automatically serializes the request parameters and creates an internal queryCacheKey for the request. Any future request that produces the same queryCacheKey will be de-duped against the original, and will share updates if a refetch is trigged on the query from any subscribed component.

Selecting data from a query result#

Sometimes you may have a parent component that is subscribed to a query, and then in a child component you want to pick an item from that query. In most cases you don't want to perform an additional request for a getItemById-type query when you know that you already have the result.

selectFromResult allows you to get a specific segment from a query result in a performant manner. When using this feature, the component will not rerender unless the underlying data of the selected item has changed. If the selected item is one element in a larger collection, it will disregard changes to elements in the same collection.

Using selectFromResult to extract a single result
function PostsList() {  const { data: posts } = api.useGetPostsQuery()
  return (    <ul>      {posts?.data?.map((post) => (        <PostById key={} id={} />      ))}    </ul>  )}
function PostById({ id }: { id: number }) {  // Will select the post with the given id, and will only rerender if the given posts data changes  const { post } = api.useGetPostsQuery(undefined, {    selectFromResult: ({ data }) => ({      post: data?.find((post) => === id),    }),  })
  return <li>{post?.name}</li>}

Avoiding unnecessary requests#

By default, if you add a component that makes the same query as an existing one, no request will be performed.

In some cases, you may want to skip this behavior and force a refetch - in that case, you can call refetch that is returned by the hook.


If you're not using React Hooks, you can access refetch like this:

const { status, data, error, refetch } = dispatch(  pokemonApi.endpoints.getPokemon.initiate('bulbasaur'))

Example: Observing caching behavior#

This example demonstrates request deduplication and caching behavior:

  1. The first Pokemon component mounts and immediately fetches 'bulbasaur'
  2. A second later, another Pokemon component is rendered with 'bulbasaur'
    • Notice that this one doesn't ever show 'Loading...' and no new network request happens? It's using the cache here.
  3. A moment after that, a Pokemon component for 'pikachu' is added, and a new request happens.
  4. When you click 'Refetch' of a particular pokemon type, it'll update all of them with one request.
Try it out

Click the 'Add bulbasaur' button. You'll observe the same behavior described above until you click the 'Refetch' button on one of the components.