Matching Utilities

Redux Toolkit exports several type-safe action matching utilities that you can leverage when checking for specific kinds of actions. These are primarily useful for the builder.addMatcher() cases in createSlice and createReducer, as well as when writing custom middleware.

General Purpose

  • isAllOf - returns true when all conditions are met
  • isAnyOf - returns true when at least one of the conditions are met

createAsyncThunk-specific matchers

All these matchers can either be called with one or more thunks as arguments, in which case they will return a matcher function for that condition and thunks, or with one actions, in which case they will match for any thunk action with said condition.

  • isAsyncThunkAction - accepts one or more action creators and returns true when all match
  • isPending - accepts one or more action creators and returns true when all match
  • isFulfilled - accepts one or more action creators and returns true when all match
  • isRejected - accepts one or more action creators and returns true when all match
  • isRejectedWithValue - accepts one or more action creators and returns true when all match

isAllOf

A higher-order function that accepts one or more of:

  • redux-toolkit action creator functions such as the ones produced by:
  • type guard functions
  • custom action creator functions that have a .match property that is a type guard

It will return a type guard function that returns true if all of the provided functions match.

isAnyOf

Accepts the same inputs as isAllOf and will return a type guard function that returns true if at least one of the provided functions match.

isAsyncThunkAction

A higher-order function that returns a type guard function that may be used to check whether an action was created by createAsyncThunk.

isAsyncThunkAction usage
import { isAsyncThunkAction, AnyAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { requestThunk1, requestThunk2 } from '@virtual/matchers'
const isARequestAction = isAsyncThunkAction(requestThunk1, requestThunk2)
function handleRequestAction(action: AnyAction) {
if (isARequestAction(action)) {
// action is an action dispatched by either `requestThunk1` or `requestThunk2`
}
}

isPending

A higher-order function that returns a type guard function that may be used to check whether an action is a 'pending' action creator from the createAsyncThunk promise lifecycle.

isPending usage
import { isPending, AnyAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { requestThunk1, requestThunk2 } from '@virtual/matchers'
const isAPendingAction = isPending(requestThunk1, requestThunk2)
function handlePendingAction(action: AnyAction) {
if (isAPendingAction(action)) {
// action is a pending action dispatched by either `requestThunk1` or `requestThunk2`
}
}

isFulfilled

A higher-order function that returns a type guard function that may be used to check whether an action is a 'fulfilled'' action creator from the createAsyncThunk promise lifecycle.

isFulfilled usage
import { isFulfilled, AnyAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { requestThunk1, requestThunk2 } from '@virtual/matchers'
const isAFulfilledAction = isFulfilled(requestThunk1, requestThunk2)
function handleFulfilledAction(action: AnyAction) {
if (isAFulfilledAction(action)) {
// action is a fulfilled action dispatched by either `requestThunk1` or `requestThunk2`
}
}

isRejected

A higher-order function that returns a type guard function that may be used to check whether an action is a 'rejected' action creator from the createAsyncThunk promise lifecycle.

isRejected usage
import { isRejected, AnyAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { requestThunk1, requestThunk2 } from '@virtual/matchers'
const isARejectedAction = isRejected(requestThunk1, requestThunk2)
function handleRejectedAction(action: AnyAction) {
if (isARejectedAction(action)) {
// action is a rejected action dispatched by either `requestThunk1` or `requestThunk2`
}
}

isRejectedWithValue

A higher-order function that returns a type guard function that may be used to check whether an action is a 'rejected' action creator from the createAsyncThunk promise lifecycle that was created by rejectWithValue.

isRejectedWithValue usage
import { isRejectedWithValue, AnyAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { requestThunk1, requestThunk2 } from '@virtual/matchers'
const isARejectedWithValueAction = isRejectedWithValue(
requestThunk1,
requestThunk2
)
function handleRejectedWithValueAction(action: AnyAction) {
if (isARejectedWithValueAction(action)) {
// action is a rejected action dispatched by either `requestThunk1` or `requestThunk2`
// where rejectWithValue was used
}
}

Using matchers to reduce code complexity, duplication and boilerplate

When using the builder pattern to construct a reducer, we add cases or matchers one at a time. However, by using isAnyOf or isAllOf, we're able to easily use the same matcher for several cases in a type-safe manner.

First, let's examine an unnecessarily complex example:

Example without using a matcher utility
import {
createAsyncThunk,
createReducer,
PayloadAction,
} from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
interface Data {
isInteresting: boolean
isSpecial: boolean
}
interface Special extends Data {
isSpecial: true
}
interface Interesting extends Data {
isInteresting: true
}
function isSpecial(
action: PayloadAction<Data>
): action is PayloadAction<Special> {
return action.payload.isSpecial
}
function isInteresting(
action: PayloadAction<Data>
): action is PayloadAction<Interesting> {
return action.payload.isInteresting
}
interface ExampleState {
isSpecial: boolean
isInteresting: boolean
}
const initialState = {
isSpecial: false,
isInteresting: false,
} as ExampleState
export const isSpecialAndInterestingThunk = createAsyncThunk(
'isSpecialAndInterestingThunk',
() => {
return {
isSpecial: true,
isInteresting: true,
}
}
)
// This has unnecessary complexity
const loadingReducer = createReducer(initialState, (builder) => {
builder.addCase(isSpecialAndInterestingThunk.fulfilled, (state, action) => {
if (isSpecial(action)) {
state.isSpecial = true
}
if (isInteresting(action)) {
state.isInteresting = true
}
})
})

In this scenario, we can use isAllOf to simplify our code and reduce some of the boilerplate.

Refactoring with isAllOf
import { createReducer, isAllOf } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import {
isSpecialAndInterestingThunk,
initialState,
isSpecial,
isInteresting,
Data,
} from '@virtual/matchers' // This is a fake pkg that provides the types shown above
const loadingReducer = createReducer(initialState, (builder) => {
builder
.addMatcher(
isAllOf(isSpecialAndInterestingThunk.fulfilled, isSpecial),
(state, action) => {
state.isSpecial = true
}
)
.addMatcher(
isAllOf(isSpecialAndInterestingThunk.fulfilled, isInteresting),
(state, action) => {
state.isInteresting = true
}
)
})

Using matchers as a TypeScript Type Guard

The function returned by isAllOf and isAnyOf can also be used as a TypeScript type guard in other contexts.

Using isAllOf as a type guard
import { isAllOf, PayloadAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { Data, isSpecial, isInteresting } from '@virtual/matchers' // This is a fake pkg that provides the types shown above
const isSpecialAndInteresting = isAllOf(isSpecial, isInteresting)
function someFunction(action: PayloadAction<Data>) {
if (isSpecialAndInteresting(action)) {
// "action" will be correctly typed as:
// `PayloadAction<Special> & PayloadAction<Interesting>`
}
}
Using isAnyOf as a type guard
import { isAnyOf, PayloadAction } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'
import { Data, isSpecial, isInteresting } from '@virtual/matchers' // this is a fake pkg that provides the types shown above
const isSpecialOrInteresting = isAnyOf(isSpecial, isInteresting)
function someFunction(action: PayloadAction<Data>) {
if (isSpecialOrInteresting(action)) {
// "action" will be correctly typed as:
// `PayloadAction<Special> | PayloadAction<Interesting>`
}
}

Example